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Articles about Vegetable Crops for the Garden

  Advantages of Container Vegetable Gardens
  Best Vegetable Crops for Containers
  Brandywine Tomatoes - Get the Most From This Heirloom Variety
  Choosing a Site For Your Home Vegetable Garden
  Container Vegetable Gardening Tips
  Container Vegetable Gardens
  Double Your Crops
  Getting Children Interested in Growing Vegetables
  Grow Your Own Salad
  Growing Tomatoes in Pots
  Growing Vegetable Plants Becomes More Than Just A Hobby
  How to Grow a Vegetable Garden
  Indoor Container Vegetable Gardening Ideas
  Indoor Vegetable Gardening How to Tips
  Learning About Indoor Container Vegetable Gardening
  List of vegetable crops by difficulty
  Mushroom Growing in Odd Unused Spaces
  Non Hybrid Seeds For Survival Gardening
  Organic Container Gardening - Simple and Easy Ways to Grow Vegetables and Flowers in Pots
  Organic Vegetable Cultivation Table
  Over Wintering Chilli Pepper Plants
  pH preferences of food crops
  Planning your Container Crops
  Planting Tomatoes Upside Down
  Potato Container Garden Tips
  Preparing a Vegetable Garden
  Review: Food4Wealth by Jonathan White
  Vegetable Container Garden Tips
  Vegetable Crops in alphabetical order by name
  Why I Recommend Vegetable Container Gardening
  Why Vegetable Container Gardening is Getting More Popular Today Than Ever
  How to grow organic Asparagus
  How to grow organic Aubergines
  How to grow organic Beetroot
  How to grow organic Broad beans
  How to grow organic Broccoli
  How to grow organic Brussels sprouts
  How to grow organic Cabbage
  How to grow organic Calabrese
  How to grow organic Carrot
  How to grow organic Cauliflower
  How to grow organic Celeriac
  How to grow organic Celery
  How to grow organic Celtuce
  How to grow organic Chinese broccoli
  How to grow organic Chinese cabbage
  How to grow organic Chicory
  How to grow organic Corn
  How to grow organic Cucumbers and Gherkins
  How to grow organic Endive
  How to grow organic Florence fennel
  How to grow organic French beans
  How to grow organic Garlic
  How to grow organic Globe artichokes
  How to grow organic Jerusalem artichokes
  How to grow organic Kale and borecole
  How to grow organic Kohl rabi
  How to grow organic Komatsuna
  How to grow organic Land cress
  How to grow organic Leaf beet
  How to grow organic Leeks
  How to grow organic Lettuce
  How to grow organic Mizuna
  How to grow organic Mustard greens
  How to grow organic New Zealand spinach
  How to grow organic Onions
  How to grow organic Parsnips and Hamburg Parsley
  How to grow organic Peas
  How to grow organic Peppers (hot and sweet)
  How to grow organic Potatoes
  How to grow organic Radishes
  How to grow organic Rocket
  How to grow organic Runner beans
  How to grow organic Salad onions
  How to grow organic Salsify, Scorzonera and Scolymus
  How to grow organic Seakale
  How to grow organic Shallots
  How to grow organic Spinach
  How to grow organic Squash
  How to grow organic Swede
  How to grow organic Texsel greens
  How to grow organic Tomatoes
  How to grow organic Turnips




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Organic Gardening:


How to grow organic Parsnips and Hamburg Parsley


by

Parsnips
Parsnips were much more popular before potatoes were discovered

Parsnips and Hamburg Parsley

Pastinaca sativa and Petroselinum crispum

Family: Umbelliferae (Group 3)

Parsnips are a valuable winter root vegetable, varying in length from 12-20cm (5-8") and in shape from bulbous to bayonet and wedge-shaped. Hamburg parsley is similar in appearance and taste and grown in the same way. Both vegetables are great for use as a vegetable, in stews, curry, and also roasted with the Sunday joint. They're also nice in a medley of other root vegetables and leeks, which makes a good vegetarian dish served with a sauce.

Site/soil

Recommended cultivars

The Student (best for flavour)
Offenham (for shallow soils)
White Gem* (for shallow soils)
Tender and True*
Avonresister* (small)
Gladiator*
*Canker resistant varieties

Parsnips require an open site with light, deeply cultivated soil. They do not have high nutritive requirements. Ideal pH is 6.5. Lime acid soils.

Cultivation

Seeds do not remain viable for long and should be thrown away after 2 years. Traditionally sown in February or March, germination is improved and risk of canker reduced by April or May sowing. Normally sown direct, they can also be sown in modules from late February to early April, planting out before the taproot starts to develop. Fluid sowing is also successful for some people.

Make a fine tilth and station sow three seeds 8-15cm (3-6") apart, 1-1.5cm (½-¾") deep, in rows 20-30cm (8-12") apart. The spacing you choose depends on the ultimate size you want to produce. To mark rows, radish or small lettuce can be intersown, allowing easy weeding without danger of pulling up parsnip seedlings by mistake.

Parsley seed takes from 10-28 days to germinate, and Hamburg parsley anything up to 6 weeks. Do not allow the row markers to overshadow the parsnip seedlings. When the seedlings develop, if there is more than one plant at any station, remove the weakest to leave a single plant.

Water only in dry weather at 2 gallons per sq yard every 2-3 weeks. Keep well weeded. No other attention is required.

Harvest

Roots will be ready for lifting from October onwards. They can be left in the soil all winter, lifting as required. It's best to mark each plant with a cane so that it is possible to find them once the foliage has died down. In cold areas, cover with straw or bracken to keep the soil workable. Any roots remaining in March can be lifted and heeled in or stored in sand, so that they do not resprout and become soft.

Pests and diseases

Celery fly and carrot fly are the most common pests; lettuce root aphid is sometimes a problem. The first two can be prevented by using crop covers such as fleece, the last by careful rotation, avoiding both lettuce and parsnips for a few years on that site.

If canker occurs, use resistant varieties in future years.





Article ©2004 Frann Leach. All rights reserved.

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