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Articles about Vegetable Crops for the Garden

  Advantages of Container Vegetable Gardens
  Best Vegetable Crops for Containers
  Brandywine Tomatoes - Get the Most From This Heirloom Variety
  Choosing a Site For Your Home Vegetable Garden
  Container Vegetable Gardening Tips
  Container Vegetable Gardens
  Double Your Crops
  Getting Children Interested in Growing Vegetables
  Grow Your Own Salad
  Growing Tomatoes in Pots
  Growing Vegetable Plants Becomes More Than Just A Hobby
  How to Grow a Vegetable Garden
  Indoor Container Vegetable Gardening Ideas
  Indoor Vegetable Gardening How to Tips
  Learning About Indoor Container Vegetable Gardening
  List of vegetable crops by difficulty
  Mushroom Growing in Odd Unused Spaces
  Non Hybrid Seeds For Survival Gardening
  Organic Container Gardening - Simple and Easy Ways to Grow Vegetables and Flowers in Pots
  Organic Vegetable Cultivation Table
  Over Wintering Chilli Pepper Plants
  pH preferences of food crops
  Planning your Container Crops
  Planting Tomatoes Upside Down
  Potato Container Garden Tips
  Preparing a Vegetable Garden
  Review: Food4Wealth by Jonathan White
  Vegetable Container Garden Tips
  Vegetable Crops in alphabetical order by name
  Why I Recommend Vegetable Container Gardening
  Why Vegetable Container Gardening is Getting More Popular Today Than Ever
  How to grow organic Asparagus
  How to grow organic Aubergines
  How to grow organic Beetroot
  How to grow organic Broad beans
  How to grow organic Broccoli
  How to grow organic Brussels sprouts
  How to grow organic Cabbage
  How to grow organic Calabrese
  How to grow organic Carrot
  How to grow organic Cauliflower
  How to grow organic Celeriac
  How to grow organic Celery
  How to grow organic Celtuce
  How to grow organic Chinese broccoli
  How to grow organic Chinese cabbage
  How to grow organic Chicory
  How to grow organic Corn
  How to grow organic Cucumbers and Gherkins
  How to grow organic Endive
  How to grow organic Florence fennel
  How to grow organic French beans
  How to grow organic Garlic
  How to grow organic Globe artichokes
  How to grow organic Jerusalem artichokes
  How to grow organic Kale and borecole
  How to grow organic Kohl rabi
  How to grow organic Komatsuna
  How to grow organic Land cress
  How to grow organic Leaf beet
  How to grow organic Leeks
  How to grow organic Lettuce
  How to grow organic Mizuna
  How to grow organic Mustard greens
  How to grow organic New Zealand spinach
  How to grow organic Onions
  How to grow organic Parsnips and Hamburg Parsley
  How to grow organic Peas
  How to grow organic Peppers (hot and sweet)
  How to grow organic Potatoes
  How to grow organic Radishes
  How to grow organic Rocket
  How to grow organic Runner beans
  How to grow organic Salad onions
  How to grow organic Salsify, Scorzonera and Scolymus
  How to grow organic Seakale
  How to grow organic Shallots
  How to grow organic Spinach
  How to grow organic Squash
  How to grow organic Swede
  How to grow organic Texsel greens
  How to grow organic Tomatoes
  How to grow organic Turnips




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Organic Gardening:


How to grow organic Garlic


by

Garlic
An essential ingredient for health

Garlic

Allium sativum

Family: Liliaceae (Group 6)

Garlic is an essential ingredient in food the world over and it's easy to grow. And as well as its distinctive strong taste (and smell), it's also a very potent health food. To find out more about the health aspect of this pungent member of the onion family, read The-Health-Site.com's article: Garlic for Health.

Site/soil

Garlic does best on light, well-drained soil in an open, sunny position. It should not be grown on freshly manured soil.

On heavy soil, work some sand, ashes or potting compost into the drill before planting or grown on ridges. Lime acid soil. Garlic grows best on soil manured for the previous crop. You can also grow it in containers.

Cultivation

Choose good-sized cloves, removing loose skin before planting about 5cm (2") deep, spacing 18cm each way (7"x7") or 10cm by 30cm (4"x12"). Yields may be improved on light soils by planting up to 10cm (4") deep.

Traditionally, garlic is planted in late autumn, from late October to November, but early spring planting will often produce a good crop, with less risk of losses, particularly in the South. Alternatively, plant in modules in a sheltered place outdoors in winter and transplant.

Harvest

Lift and dry as soon as leaves start to fade and turn yellow. Handle carefully to avoid bruising. If the weather is warm, garlic may be left outside to dry in the sun on newspaper or on wire trays, otherwise dry them in a shed, making sure there is plenty of airspace round each bulb. Turn the bulbs over a few times while they are drying off. Drying will take 2-3 weeks unless the weather is very hot. Once dry, garlic can be stored by hanging in net bags, such as the ones oranges are sold in, or old washed stockings. If you are skilled enough, you can plait them into garlic strings.

Pests, Diseases and Disorders

The most serious pest is onion fly, particularly on dry soils. However, unless you are growing garlic near to another allium, which is itself infested, it is unlikely to be attacked.
Stem and bulb eelworm can also be serious on infected soils. The best way to deal with this pest is rotation, growing brassicas or lettuces for two or three years. Keep the ground weed-free, as some common weeds harbour these pests.
Downy mildew, neck rot and white rot are the most common diseases. Of these, white rot is the most serious, worst in hot dry summers. Symptoms are yellow, wilting foliage and fluffy white mould on the base of the bulbs, in which round black fruiting bodies appear. Affected plants should be lifted and burnt. No alliums should be grown on infected land for at least 8 years.



If you're interested in healthy food, you may also be interested in our sister site, The Health Site, Your Online Health Channel.


Article ©2004 Frann Leach. All rights reserved.

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