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Articles about Vegetable Crops for the Garden
Best Vegetable Crops for Containers
Brandywine Tomatoes - Get the Most From This Heirloom Variety
Choosing a Site For Your Home Vegetable Garden
Container Vegetable Gardening Tips
Container Vegetable Gardens
Double Your Crops
Getting Children Interested in Growing Vegetables
Grow Your Own Salad
Growing Tomatoes in Pots
Growing Vegetable Plants Becomes More Than Just A Hobby
How to Grow a Vegetable Garden
Indoor Container Vegetable Gardening Ideas
Indoor Vegetable Gardening How to Tips
Learning About Indoor Container Vegetable Gardening
List of vegetable crops by difficulty
Mushroom Growing in Odd Unused Spaces
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Organic Container Gardening - Simple and Easy Ways to Grow Vegetables and Flowers in Pots
Organic Vegetable Cultivation Table
Over Wintering Chilli Pepper Plants
pH preferences of food crops
Planning your Container Crops
Planting Tomatoes Upside Down
Potato Container Garden Tips
Preparing a Vegetable Garden
Review: Food4Wealth by Jonathan White
Vegetable Container Garden Tips
Vegetable Crops in alphabetical order by name
Why I Recommend Vegetable Container Gardening
Why Vegetable Container Gardening is Getting More Popular Today Than Ever
How to grow organic Asparagus
How to grow organic Aubergines
How to grow organic Beetroot
How to grow organic Broad beans
How to grow organic Broccoli
How to grow organic Brussels sprouts
How to grow organic Cabbage
How to grow organic Calabrese
How to grow organic Carrot
How to grow organic Cauliflower
How to grow organic Celeriac
How to grow organic Celery
How to grow organic Celtuce
How to grow organic Chinese broccoli
How to grow organic Chinese cabbage
How to grow organic Chicory
How to grow organic Corn
How to grow organic Cucumbers and Gherkins
How to grow organic Endive
How to grow organic Florence fennel
How to grow organic French beans
How to grow organic Garlic
How to grow organic Globe artichokes
How to grow organic Jerusalem artichokes
How to grow organic Kale and borecole
How to grow organic Kohl rabi
How to grow organic Komatsuna
How to grow organic Land cress
How to grow organic Leaf beet
How to grow organic Leeks
How to grow organic Lettuce
How to grow organic Mizuna
How to grow organic Mustard greens
How to grow organic New Zealand spinach
How to grow organic Onions
How to grow organic Parsnips and Hamburg Parsley
How to grow organic Peas
How to grow organic Peppers (hot and sweet)
How to grow organic Potatoes
How to grow organic Radishes
How to grow organic Rocket
How to grow organic Runner beans
How to grow organic Salad onions
How to grow organic Salsify, Scorzonera and Scolymus
How to grow organic Seakale
How to grow organic Shallots
How to grow organic Spinach
How to grow organic Squash
How to grow organic Swede
How to grow organic Texsel greens
How to grow organic Tomatoes
How to grow organic Turnips
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How to grow organic Broccoli
by Frann Leach
Good enough for an American president!
Brassica oleracea Italica group
Family: Cruciferae (Group 2)
Broccoli is a much-maligned vegetable, which is a pity because if it is grown well and cooked as soon as it has been picked, it is not only very nutritious, but delicious, too. It's important not to overcook it, though. Soggy broccoli is absolutely dire.
Site and soil
Choose an open, unshaded site with fertile, well-drained and moisture retentive soil, which should be slightly acid (min pH 5.4, but see note on clubroot - add lime if necessary to adjust pH). Brassicas have a high nitrogen requirement and also need very firm soil. To ensure sufficient nutrient levels, it is best to topdress or apply a liquid feed such as seaweed fertiliser during growth.
Because brassicas are prone to soil infections, for example, Clubroot, it's important to use a minimum 3 year rotation plan.
|Early purple||mid April||June||Feb-March|
|Late purple||mid May||July||April-May|
|Early white||mid April||June||March-April|
|Late white||mid May||July||April-May|
Perennial cauliflower (formerly broccoli) 'Nine Star Perennial' should be sown in March to April, transplanting to 1m by 500cm (3'x18"). The bed should be moved to a new site after 3 years' cropping. Heads are produced around February to March each year. All must be cut to keep plants productive in following years.
Ideal pH 6.2-6.6
Sow in a seed bed unless soil is heavy, in which case use seed trays or modules to minimise root disturbance. Sow 2-2.5cm (¾-1") deep, spacing 7.5cm (3") apart in the row. Transplant at about 10cm (4") tall or when the first true leaves develop to follow legumes or onto a site which was manured the previous Autumn.
On light soils, plant into drills 8cm (3") wide by 10cm (4") deep and earth the plants up as they develop until the soil is level, otherwise on the flat. Plant firmly enough that pulling on a leaf results in it tearing. Use brassica collars to prevent root fly.
Transplant 60cm each way (2'x2').
Water after transplanting and daily in dry weather for 3-4 weeks, about ¼ pint per plant.
Water up to 4 gallons per sq yard per week in dry weather. The minimum watering requirement is a single heavy watering 10-20 days before maturity.
Stake firmly in autumn, earth up as plants grow. Protect from pigeons in winter.
Harvest the central spear first, followed by the side shoots. Picking starts when spears are the size of large walnuts. Regular cropping increases yield.
Soil may remain infected for 20 years; steps to avoid introduction include:
Once infected avoid growing any brassicas except fast maturing types such as Texsel greens or cut and come again oriental seedlings. If you have no other land available, and you must grow types with a lengthy growing season, you can try sowing seed in modules, and potting up until the plants reach a height of 10cm (4") before planting out. A root drench may also help.