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Articles about Vegetable Crops for the Garden

  Advantages of Container Vegetable Gardens
  Best Vegetable Crops for Containers
  Brandywine Tomatoes - Get the Most From This Heirloom Variety
  Choosing a Site For Your Home Vegetable Garden
  Container Vegetable Gardening Tips
  Container Vegetable Gardens
  Double Your Crops
  Getting Children Interested in Growing Vegetables
  Grow Your Own Salad
  Growing Tomatoes in Pots
  Growing Vegetable Plants Becomes More Than Just A Hobby
  How to Grow a Vegetable Garden
  Indoor Container Vegetable Gardening Ideas
  Indoor Vegetable Gardening How to Tips
  Learning About Indoor Container Vegetable Gardening
  List of vegetable crops by difficulty
  Mushroom Growing in Odd Unused Spaces
  Non Hybrid Seeds For Survival Gardening
  Organic Container Gardening - Simple and Easy Ways to Grow Vegetables and Flowers in Pots
  Organic Vegetable Cultivation Table
  Over Wintering Chilli Pepper Plants
  pH preferences of food crops
  Planning your Container Crops
  Planting Tomatoes Upside Down
  Potato Container Garden Tips
  Preparing a Vegetable Garden
  Review: Food4Wealth by Jonathan White
  Vegetable Container Garden Tips
  Vegetable Crops in alphabetical order by name
  Why I Recommend Vegetable Container Gardening
  Why Vegetable Container Gardening is Getting More Popular Today Than Ever
  How to grow organic Asparagus
  How to grow organic Aubergines
  How to grow organic Beetroot
  How to grow organic Broad beans
  How to grow organic Broccoli
  How to grow organic Brussels sprouts
  How to grow organic Cabbage
  How to grow organic Calabrese
  How to grow organic Carrot
  How to grow organic Cauliflower
  How to grow organic Celeriac
  How to grow organic Celery
  How to grow organic Celtuce
  How to grow organic Chinese broccoli
  How to grow organic Chinese cabbage
  How to grow organic Chicory
  How to grow organic Corn
  How to grow organic Cucumbers and Gherkins
  How to grow organic Endive
  How to grow organic Florence fennel
  How to grow organic French beans
  How to grow organic Garlic
  How to grow organic Globe artichokes
  How to grow organic Jerusalem artichokes
  How to grow organic Kale and borecole
  How to grow organic Kohl rabi
  How to grow organic Komatsuna
  How to grow organic Land cress
  How to grow organic Leaf beet
  How to grow organic Leeks
  How to grow organic Lettuce
  How to grow organic Mizuna
  How to grow organic Mustard greens
  How to grow organic New Zealand spinach
  How to grow organic Onions
  How to grow organic Parsnips and Hamburg Parsley
  How to grow organic Peas
  How to grow organic Peppers (hot and sweet)
  How to grow organic Potatoes
  How to grow organic Radishes
  How to grow organic Rocket
  How to grow organic Runner beans
  How to grow organic Salad onions
  How to grow organic Salsify, Scorzonera and Scolymus
  How to grow organic Seakale
  How to grow organic Shallots
  How to grow organic Spinach
  How to grow organic Squash
  How to grow organic Swede
  How to grow organic Texsel greens
  How to grow organic Tomatoes
  How to grow organic Turnips




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Organic Gardening:


How to grow organic Broad beans


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Broad beans
Broad beans have recently come back into fashion

Broad beans (Faba beans)

Vicia faba

Family: Leguminosae (Group 7)

A very reliable early cropping vegetable, becoming less popular until trendy young chefs rediscovered them recently. Whole young pods and leaf tips can be harvested, as well as the main crop, the beans themselves.

Broad beans are divided into three main types: Long pod, which have kidney-shaped beans; Windsor, with rounder beans and shorter pods; and the dwarf varieties, which can be of either shape.

Site/soil

Ideal pH is 6-7.

Recommended varieties

Imperial Green - longpod green, maximum yields, long pods
Aquadulce Claudia - longpod white - best for overwintering
Relon - longpod green - pods up to 50cm (20") long!
Green Windsor - Windsor green - Heavy cropper, good flavour
Jubilee Hysor - Windsor white - Heavy cropper, recommended for exhibition
The Sutton - Dwarf white - most popular variety
Bonny Lad - dwarf white - slightly taller

Cultivation

Sow outdoors direct in March to April, or October to December in milder areas to overwinter. Space 22-30cm (9-12") each way according to plant size, or in double rows 60cm (2') apart. Sow 3.5-5cm (1½-2") deep.

Earlier crops can be obtained by sowing in pots in January to February and transplanting in March.

Provide support with canes and twine, or peasticks for dwarf varieties. Nip out tips when in full flower to discourage blackfly and encourage bean production.

Watering is only needed in very dry years until flowers are produced, then 4 gallons per sq yard per week, unless the weather is very wet.

Harvest

Overwintered and transplanted crops can be picked from May to July, others July to September.

Pests and Diseases

The main pest is black bean aphid, which can completely cover the entire surface of the plant if steps are not taken early enough. The best treatment is a soft soap or fatty acid spray, although pinching out the tips of the plants is supposed to be effective. However, when I grew them last, I found this didn't work - on the other hand, I was living in east London, an area where there was probably a shortage of other food for them!





Article ©2004 Frann Leach. All rights reserved.

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