Visit my online shop for dried herbs, herbal tinctures, essential oils and more!



Tell a Friend about Us




Herb garden

Vegetable garden

Sitemap

Articles about Fruit Crops for the Garden





About us

Privacy

Disclaimer

Frann Leach

Labelled with ICRA

DISCLOSURE:

We support this site using affiliate marketing as a way to earn revenue. All the ads, and many of the links mentioning other products, services, or websites are special links that earn us a commission when you use or pay for their product/service.

Please do not use our site if this alarms you.

Organic Gardening:


Organic Fruit Cultivation Table


by

There's quite a selection of fruit and nut crops you can grow organically.

This table brings together all the basic information about an enormous variety of organic fruit and nuts, at your fingertips. Here you will find details on cultivars, height and spread, propagation and detailed cultivation notes, all laid out in an easy to read form.

If you're looking for information on more unusual fruits, there's a separate page for these: Unusual fruit you can grow.







A B C D E F G H I J K L M
N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


Fruit/nut type, Plant type, Family, Botanical name Height, spread Recommended cultivars Propagation, Cultivation notes
Apple, Hardy deciduous tree, Rosaceae, Malus domestica 1-9m*, 1-6m* Check with your supplier for the best cultivars in your area *Height and spread depends on rootstock. Requires compatible pollinator to produce fruit. Prefers a moisture retentive loamy soil with pH from 6.5-6.8. Winter temperatures below 45°F (7°C) are required for flower (and fruit) production. Harvest July-December depending on cultivar.
Apricot, Hardy deciduous tree, Rosaceae, Prunus armeniaca 9m, 6m Check with your supplier for the best cultivars in your area Can be grown from seed which has been stratified for 2-3 months. Sow as soon as it is ripe or as early in the year as possible in a cold frame and protect from mice. Requires a well drained moisture retaining soil (not clay) in warm sun with pH 6.5-7.5. Grows best in a continental climate.
Bilberry (Whortleberry), Hardy deciduous shrub, Ericaceae, Vaccinium myrtillis 15-45cm (6"-18")   Sow in October in 2:1 peat and sand mixture in frame. Prick out to 5cm x 5cm (2"x2"). Pot on into 7.5cm (3") pots containing a 1:1 mixture of peat and sand. Plant out October 30cm x 30cm (12"x12"). At 3 years, transplant to 45cm x 45cm (18"x18") in permanent position between October and March. Harvest July to August.
Blueberry, Hardy deciduous shrub, Ericaceae, Vaccinium corymbosum 1.2-2m (4'-6')   Sow in October in 2:1 peat and sand mixture in frame. Prick out to 5cm x 5cm (2"x2"). Lime hater. Pot on into 3" pots of 1:1 peat and sand. Plant out October 30cm x 30cm (12"x12"). At 3 years, plant out at 2m x 2m (6'x6') in permanent position between October and March. Harvest August to September
Sweet Chestnut, Hardy deciduous tree, Fagaceae, Castanea sativa 25'-30'   Sow outdoors in nursery when ripe (October). Transplant the stronger ones the following autumn. Grow on for 3 more years. Plant out strongest in permanent position from November to January. Harvest October.
Citrus fruit (Grapefruit, Lemon, Sour orange, Sweet orange, Tangerine), Half hardy evergreen trees, Rutaceae, Citrus x paradisi, C. limon, C. auriantium, C. sinensis, C. nobilis   Meyer lemon, Otaheite orange (C. x limonia), myrtle-leaf orange (C. aurantiacum myrtifolia), Calamondin orange (Citrofortunella mitis), Tahiti lime, Bears lime, Nagami kumquat (Fortunella margarita) Best propagated by cuttings, but can be sown March at 60°F (15°C) in 7.5cm (3") pots ½ deep. Transplant to 10cm (4") pot after 2 years. Pot on every 2 years if necessary, but repot each spring. Feed weekly when fruits are swelling, spray leaves daily in hot weather, weekly in winter. Oranges require minimum winter temperatures of 45°F (7°C), others 50°F (10°C). Spring temperature should be 70°F (21°C), Summer 80°F (27°C). Water monthly with ½ tsp. of vinegar to 1 quart of water to maintain acidity. Hand pollination is necessary. Place pots outside in Summer. All fruit except lemons should be left on until ripe and harvested with secateurs.
Cranberry, Hardy evergreen shrub, Ericaceae, Vaccinium oxycoccus 5cm (2")   Sow in October in 2:1 peat and sand mixture in frame. Prick out to 5cm x 5cm (2"x2"). Pot on into 7.5cm (3") pots of 1:1 peat and sand. Plant out October 30cm x 30cm (12"x12"). At 3 years, plant out at 45cm x 45cm (18"x18") in permanent position between October and March. Harvest August to September.
Currant, Hardy deciduous shrub, Saxifragaceae, Ribes,   Ben Sarak, Ben Nevis, Red Lake, White Dutch Plant out November to January 1.2-1.5m (4-5') each way. Mulch in early spring with compost or manure after dressing with wood ash or rock potash. Water round the base if dry from May to late July. Harvest July to August.
Gooseberry, Hardy deciduous shrub, Saxifragaceae, Ribes ova-crispa 4'-5' Careless, Invicta, Whinham's Industry, Golden Drop, Whitesmith Plant out November-January 1.5m (5') apart each way. Keep centre of bush clear and open. Keep well weeded. Protect from birds and frost. Mulch and feed in early Spring. Water when dry. Thin fruits and use thinnings. Harvest late May to August according to variety.
Cape gooseberry, Perennial, Solanaceae, Physalis edulis 1.5-2m (5'-6')   Sow February to March at 65-70°F (18-21°C) 1cm (½") deep. Prick out into individual 12-15cm (5-6") pots when large enough to handle or direct into greenhouse soil at 1m x 1m (3'x3'). Support with a cane. Harvest when calyx turns golden brown.
Ground cherry, Tender vine, Solanaceae, Physalis pruinosa     Sow March at 60°F (15°C), prick out into 7.5cm (3") peat pot. Transplant end May 1m x 1m (36"x36"). Make a mound for each plant with manure. Top dress with FBB when transplanting. Water well in dry weather and feed fortnightly when fruiting. Harvest when calyx turns golden brown.
Hazel (Cob, filbert), Hardy deciduous tree, Betulaceae, Corylus spp.     Sow October or November in frame singly in 10cm (4") pots of John Innes number 1. Transfer to a nursery bed the following autumn for 1 or 2 years. Cut back by half annually in March until bushy. From fifth year, cut back old growth to strong shoots in March. Keep well weeded. Harvest when husks begin to turn brown. Spread on trays to dry
Huckleberry, Hardy perennial, Gaylossacia spp.     Sow in October in 2:1 peat and sand mixture in frame. Prick out to 2"x2". Lime hater. Pot on into 3" pots of 1:1 peat and sand. Plant out October 30cm x 30cm (12"x12"). At 3 years, plant out at 2m x 2m (6'x6') in permanent position between November and January. Harvest August to September.
Melon, Half hardy annual, Cucurbitaceae, Cucumis melo Vine Sweetheart, Amber Nectar Sow early May at 65°F (18°C) in peat pots or direct in South facing hillocks 1.2m (4') apart. 6-8 seeds per 30cm (12") hill thinned to 3, or 1cm (½") deep in peat pots. Plant out late May under cloches 60cm x 60cm (2'x2'). Take care, does not tolerate root disturbance. Dig in plenty of compost or manure. Mulch heavily. Hand pollinate, pinch out main shoot and each side shoot to 3 leaves to control growth. Water and liquid feed weekly. Pinch out to 2 leaves after fruit. Place tile under fruit. Supply trellis. Harvest August to September when a crack appears around the stem
Passion fruit (greenhouse only), Tender climbing perennial, Passifloraceae, P. edulis, mollisima, antioquiensis, incarnata Vine   Sow Spring indoors in peat pot seed 5cm (2") deep. Plant out at 6". Vines last 3-5 years, and fruit second year from seed. Spray flowers to encourage fruit set. Thin out thick laterals and shorten others to 20cm (8") after fruiting in Spring. Harvest Spring and late Summer from second year.
Peach [and Nectarine], Hardy deciduous tree, Rosaceae, Prunus persica 2.5-5m (8'-16') Duke of York, Rochester, Peregrine [Sow September to October in 5" pot in frame. Pot on until 1 year old] Plant out in permanent position (best against a warm wall) between October and January. If growing against a wall leave 9" gap, supply wire framework 2-2.5m (6-8') high. Bushes need windbreaks. Protect flowers from frost. Pollinate if no insects. Keep well watered and weed free. Thin fruits at marble size to 1 per cluster, 9" [6"] apart. Harvest July to September according to variety when flesh begins to soften around stalk
Pear, Hardy deciduous tree, Rosaceae, Pyrus communis 3-10m (10'-35') Souvenir du Congrès
Dr Jules Guyot
Williams Bon Chrétien
Plant out November to January 4.5-6m (15'-20') apart each way. If growing against a wall leave 9" gap, supply wire framework 2-2.5m (6-8') high. Bushes need windbreaks. Protect flowers from frost. Pollinate if no insects. Keep well watered and weed free. Thin fruits at marble size to 1 per cluster, 9" [6"] apart. Harvest July to September according to variety
Raspberry, Hardy biennial treated as annual, Rosaceae, Rubus idaeus   Malling varieties, Glen Clova, Zeva, Autumn Bliss Plant out November to January 45-60cm (18-24"_ apart, 1.5-2m (5-6') between rows. Manure well before planting. Mulch in February. Water well June to August. Cut out old canes after fruiting and tie in up to 6 per plant. Allow birds access to soil in winter. Harvest July to September or September to October depending on variety
Rosella, Tender perennial treated as annual, Greenhouse only except in tropical/subtropical areas, Malvaceae, Hibiscus sabdariffa sabdariffa     Requires full sun, temperatures in the range 55-80°F (13-27°C) and a day length of less than 13 hours. Prefers rich, well drained and humus-rich soil. Sow in heat in Spring 1cm (½") deep. Plant out at a spacing of 60cm x 90cm (2'x3') in early summer, using cloches if planting outdoors in areas other than tropical/subtropical. Keep well watered and weed free. The edible part is the swollen calyx of the flowers.
Strawberry, Hardy perennial, Rosaceae, Fragaria x ananassa and Fragaria vesca semperflorens   Plants: Pantagruella, Tenira, Tanella, Domanil, Cambridge Vigour. Seed: Temptation Surface sow February indoors. Plant out 60cm x 60cm (24"x24") July to September. Take runners in August, up to 6 per plant. Burn off foliage on other plants. Plant in bed cultivated for at least 2 years, preferably with southerly slope, well manured. Protect from birds. Protect from frost in early May, keep cool in hot weather. Water early in the morning when dry once fruit has set. Mulch to avoid splashing. Harvest depends on variety, when red and firm.
Tomatillo,, Solanaceae, Physalis ixocarpa     Sow March in cold greenhouse. Transplant to 45cm x 30cm (18"x12") in June. Do best in a light, rich soil. Hoe regularly. Harvest when calyx turns golden brown.
Walnut, Hardy deciduous tree, Juglandaceae, Juglans regia 30m (100')   Plant out November to January. After 3 years. transplant strongest to permanent position in October to March. Mulch with well-rotted manure in spring. Do not prune. Remove dead branches in April or August. Gather nuts after they drop, wearing gloves, remove husk, clean and dry
Watermelon (greenhouse), Half hardy annual, , Citrullus vulgaris Vine   Sow in April at 65°F (18°C) 2.5cm (1") deep, 45-60cm (18-24") apart each way. Keep potting on to avoid checking growth. Must be grown in greenhouse kept at 90°F (32°C) by day, 60°F (15°C) at night. Transplant to border after 4 weeks. Hand pollinate. Stop after two fruits have developed. Fruit is ripe when end opposite stalk gives when pressed.


If you would like to publish this article on your site, please click here





Article ©2009 Frann Leach. All rights reserved.

Top of page