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Articles about Vegetable Crops for the Garden

  Advantages of Container Vegetable Gardens
  Best Vegetable Crops for Containers
  Brandywine Tomatoes - Get the Most From This Heirloom Variety
  Choosing a Site For Your Home Vegetable Garden
  Container Vegetable Gardening Tips
  Container Vegetable Gardens
  Double Your Crops
  Getting Children Interested in Growing Vegetables
  Grow Your Own Salad
  Growing Tomatoes in Pots
  Growing Vegetable Plants Becomes More Than Just A Hobby
  How to Grow a Vegetable Garden
  Indoor Container Vegetable Gardening Ideas
  Indoor Vegetable Gardening How to Tips
  Learning About Indoor Container Vegetable Gardening
  List of vegetable crops by difficulty
  Mushroom Growing in Odd Unused Spaces
  Non Hybrid Seeds For Survival Gardening
  Organic Container Gardening - Simple and Easy Ways to Grow Vegetables and Flowers in Pots
  Organic Vegetable Cultivation Table
  Over Wintering Chilli Pepper Plants
  pH preferences of food crops
  Planning your Container Crops
  Planting Tomatoes Upside Down
  Potato Container Garden Tips
  Preparing a Vegetable Garden
  Review: Food4Wealth by Jonathan White
  Vegetable Container Garden Tips
  Vegetable Crops in alphabetical order by name
  Why I Recommend Vegetable Container Gardening
  Why Vegetable Container Gardening is Getting More Popular Today Than Ever
  How to grow organic Asparagus
  How to grow organic Aubergines
  How to grow organic Beetroot
  How to grow organic Broad beans
  How to grow organic Broccoli
  How to grow organic Brussels sprouts
  How to grow organic Cabbage
  How to grow organic Calabrese
  How to grow organic Carrot
  How to grow organic Cauliflower
  How to grow organic Celeriac
  How to grow organic Celery
  How to grow organic Celtuce
  How to grow organic Chinese broccoli
  How to grow organic Chinese cabbage
  How to grow organic Chicory
  How to grow organic Corn
  How to grow organic Cucumbers and Gherkins
  How to grow organic Endive
  How to grow organic Florence fennel
  How to grow organic French beans
  How to grow organic Garlic
  How to grow organic Globe artichokes
  How to grow organic Jerusalem artichokes
  How to grow organic Kale and borecole
  How to grow organic Kohl rabi
  How to grow organic Komatsuna
  How to grow organic Land cress
  How to grow organic Leaf beet
  How to grow organic Leeks
  How to grow organic Lettuce
  How to grow organic Mizuna
  How to grow organic Mustard greens
  How to grow organic New Zealand spinach
  How to grow organic Onions
  How to grow organic Parsnips and Hamburg Parsley
  How to grow organic Peas
  How to grow organic Peppers (hot and sweet)
  How to grow organic Potatoes
  How to grow organic Radishes
  How to grow organic Rocket
  How to grow organic Runner beans
  How to grow organic Salad onions
  How to grow organic Salsify, Scorzonera and Scolymus
  How to grow organic Seakale
  How to grow organic Shallots
  How to grow organic Spinach
  How to grow organic Squash
  How to grow organic Swede
  How to grow organic Texsel greens
  How to grow organic Tomatoes
  How to grow organic Turnips




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Frann Leach

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Organic Gardening:


Organic Vegetable Cultivation Table


by

This table gives brief (you might even say terse) cultivation, growing and harvest information for a large number of crops, more than on the individual pages, in fact. For more information, refer to the individual pages, except for the odd ones which aren't given a page of their own. This is usually the ones that have the least appeal to me - but you may disagree.

If you have a yearning to grow Couve Tronchada or Cardoons, I'm sorry, this is all the information I have. All this data was collected by me (as was most of the rest of the contents of this site) over the winters when I was living in London with my two children. I never had the space for these oddities, so I don't know a lot about them.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


Crop type Plant type Family, Botanical name Height, Spread, Recommended cultivars Sow/Plant, Depth & Spacing, Propagation, Harvest Cultivation notes
Chinese Artichoke (Japanese Artichoke, Chorogi, Crosnes), HP, Labiatae, Stachys affinis, S. tuberifera, S. sieboldii 15" Plant tubers February to March 6" deep, 12"x18". Harvest late Autumn onwards. Ensure entire crop is harvested Tolerate soil conditions pH 6.0 to 7.5, but do not like poorly drained or very acid soils. Dig in plenty of manure previous autumn, if possible. Protect from frost. Water well in dry weather and mulch. Feed fortnightly with SM3 in poor soil. Can be stored in ground. Virtually pest and disease free.
Globe Artichoke, HP, Compositae, Cynara scolymus 3'x3'
Green Globe Improved, Gros Camus de Bretagne
See main Globe artichoke entry
Jerusalem Artichoke, HP, Compositae, Helianthus tuberosus 6'+
New White, Fuseau, Dwarf Sunray, Silver Skinned
See main Jerusalem artichoke entry
Asparagus, HP, Liliaceae, Asparagus officinalis 12", 12"
Minerve, Lorella, Giant Mammoth, Regal, Connover's Colossal, Sutton's Perfection
See main Asparagus entry
Aubergine (Egg plant), Annual, Solanaceae, Solanum melongena 30"x24"
Black Beauty, Black Prince, Early Bounty, Bambino, Easter Egg, New York Purple
See main Aubergine entry Cloche outdoor plantings or erect a clear screen around plants. Remove cloches during the day in warm weather only. Prone to aphid attacks. Start feeding every 10 days with tomato fertiliser in July. Pinch out at 9", stake. Tie side shoots to canes. Allow 5/6 fruits/plant, 1 per stem.
Basella (Malabar Spinach) (greenhouse), Biennial t/a annual, Basella rubra Tall climber March at 60° F, Sow ¼" deep in pots or trays. Prick out into individual 3" pots. This is a climber: grow on a fence. Harvest leaves as required. A tropical plant grown for its edible leaves, which are used like spinach. Normally grown under glass, trained up trellis or in a hanging basket. Will thrive in warm weather. Susceptible to frost injury.
Broad bean (Faba bean), maincrop, Hardy annual, Leguminosae, Vicia faba 15"-42"
Aquadulce (autumn), The Sutton, The Midget (dwarf), Red Epicure, Express, Masterpiece Green Longpod, Imperial Longpod, Feligreen, Windsor
See main Broad bean entry
Drying bean (Haricot/Kidney bean), Half hardy annual, Leguminosae, Phaseolus vulgaris 18"-5'+
Brown Dutch, Mexican Black, Chevrier Vert, Rose d'Eyragues, Chinese Yellow, Comtesse de Chambourd, Limelight,
See main French bean entry In early autumn, when pods are yellow, pull up whole plant and dry, put in a sack and beat with stick to thresh the beans.
French bean (outdoor), Flageolet bean, Runner bean - bush types, Annual, Leguminosae, Phaseolus vulgaris 18"-8'
Limelight, Chevrier Vert, Aramis, Purple Tepee, Kinghorn Wax, Royalty, Pros, Delinel; Runners: Pickwick, Gulliver, Hammond's Dwarf Scarlet
See main French bean entry
French bean (greenhouse), Annual, Leguminosae, Phaseolus vulgaris 18"-8'
Blue Lake, Hunter, Largo, Kingston Gold, Purple Podded, Rob Roy
See main French bean entry Feed weekly with SM3. After first crop, remove lower leaves, drop plants to ground in coils. New growth will climb strings.
Lablab bean (Hyacinth bean), Leguminosae, Dolichos lablab aka Lablab purpureus 4-6' 6"x36" The plants are not heavy croppers, you need at least a 20' row. The green pods, dried beans and leaves are edible.
Lima bean (Butter/Madagascar bean), Perennial t/a half-hardy annual, Leguminosae, Phaseolus lunatus or Phaseolus limensis 2-6'+
Burpee Improved. Bush, Burpee Fordhook, Prizetaker
Singly in 3" pot in April at 60-85°, 1" deep or direct in late May (about 2 weeks after first runners) in 2" deep trench, eye down, lightly cover. 8"x24"(bush) or 4"x24" (climbers) 3-4 weeks after last frost. Harvest September to November, when beans plump up pods, Pick gently to encourage new blossoms Requires full sun (no shade at all). Manure growing position well in Autumn. Climber: provide stake. Mulch with well rotted compost. Protect from cold for first 4 weeks. Water in sever drought only (roots may rot). Keep well weeded, especially at harvest time, but don't hoe deeply.
Runner bean & climbing French bean (Pole bean), Pea bean, Perennial t/a half hardy annual, Leguminosae, Phaseolus coccineus and Phaseolus vulgaris 10'-12'
Runners: Czar, Desiree, Mergoles, White Emergo, Lady Di, Red Rum. French: Blue Coco, Purple Podded, Blue Lake, Earliest of All
See main Runner bean entry
Soya bean, Leguminosae, Glycine max 1-6' Sow direct late spring when soil is warm, 1" deep, 3"x15". Harvest at green pod stage or at maturity Hoe between plants as soon as plants an be seen and keep well weeded. Stop cultivating at knee high.
Beetroot, Sugar beet and other Beet grown for roots, Hardy biennial t/a annual, Chenopodiaceae, Beta vulgaris conditiva,
B. vulgaris saccgarufera
6-12", 6-12"
Boltardy, Forono, Burpee's Golden, Albina, Chioggia, Bull's Blood (decorative) Baby: Pronto
See main beetroot entry
Broccoli, Chinese (Chinese Kale), CruciferaeBrassica oleracea alboglabra. 18" See main Chinese broccoli entry
Broccoli, green (Calabrese), Hardy biennial t/a annual, Cruciferae, Brassica oleracea botrytis cymosa var. italica

2'
Green Comet, Shogun, Mercedes, Citation, Romanesco

See main Calabrese entry
Broccoli, purple/white sprouting, Hardy biennial t/a annual, Cruciferae, Brassica oleracea botrytis cymosa 3'x3'
Christmas Purple Sprouting, Red Arrow, Red Spear, Rudolph
See main Broccoli entry
Broccoli, Perennial, HP, Cruciferae, Brassica oleracea botrytis asparagoides 3'
Nine Star Perennial
Sow March to May in modules ¼" deep, transplant June or July 36"x36" to permanent site. Replace every 3 years. Harvest April and May Requires a fertile well-drained soil. Keep well hoed and mulch to conserve moisture. May need staking. Protect from birds, especially in winter/spring. Harvest top shoot first, taking about 6" of stem. When it runs to seed, cut down stems and top dress with good manure or compost.
Brussels sprout, Hardy biennial t/a annual, Cruciferae, Brassica oleracea gemmifera 18"-42"
Single harvest: Early Half Tall, Peer Gynt F1, Oliver F1, Richard F1, Citadel F1, King Arthur F1. Continuous: Bedford Asmer Monitor, Rubine, Citadel, Achilles, Ormavon, Rampart, Fortress, Noisette
See main Brussels sprout entry
Cabbage, Chinese (Pe Tsai), Hardy biennial t/a annual, Cruciferae, Brassica rapa pekinensis & Brassica rapa chinensis 12"-15"
Ruffles (fluffy top), Tip Top, Kasumi, [Minato] Santo, Jade Pagoda, Nagaoka 60 day, Sampan
See main Chinese cabbage entry
Cabbage, red, Hardy biennial t/a annual, Cruciferae, Brassica oleracea capitata var. rubra 10"-12"
Red Drumhead, Ruby Ball (summer), Autoro, Hardoro, Blood Red
See main Cabbage entry
Cabbage, Savoy, Hardy biennial t/a annual, Cruciferae, Brassica oleracea capitata 12"-15"
Best of All, Ormskirk, Rearguard Baby: Protovoy
See main Cabbage entry
Cabbage, spring (and spring greens), Hardy biennial t/a annual, Cruciferae, Brassica oleracea capitata 10"-15"
April, Harbinger, Offenham
See main Cabbage entry
Cabbage, summer/autumn, Hardy biennial t/a annual, Cruciferae, Brassica oleracea capitata 12"-15"
Golden Acre, Hispi, May Star, Primo.
See main Cabbage entry
Cabbage, walking stick (Jersey cabbage) (not edible, but grown the same way), HP, Cruciferae, Brassica oleracea longata 6-7' in first year, 15' plus in second year Sow as early as possible late winter/early spring at 19-21°C 65-70°F. Plant out 30"x30" apart mid to late Spring, taking care to plant roots and stem deeply. Stake as plant grows to maintain straightness. Harvest stems when at least ¾" diameter, 5-7' tall in autumn, or preferably leave until after flowering (up to 3 years) for strongest walking sticks. Good rich or well fertilised soil is important and a site sheltered from strong winds. Strip off lower leaves from stem as plant grows.
Cabbage, white, Hardy biennial t/a annual, Cruciferae, Brassica oleracea capitata var. alba 12"-15"
Hidena F1, Polinius F1, Coleslaw Langedijk 4, Holland Late Winter
See main Cabbage entry
Cabbage, winter white, Hardy biennial t/a annual, Cruciferae, Brassica oleracea capitata var. alba 12"-15"
Decema, Winter White, Celtic F1, Tundra F1
See main Cabbage entry
Cabbage, winter, Hardy biennial t/a annual, Cruciferae, Brassica oleracea capitata 12"-15"
Christmas Drumhead, January King, Winter Salad
See main Cabbage entry
Capucine, Tropaeolaceae, Tropaeolum tuberosae 3' Sow early April under glass. Transplant late May 20"x20". Harvest late Autumn. Virtually pest and disease free. Tubers are the crop, and will grow freely in a warm situation. May be stored in the ground.
Cardoon, Perennial t/a annual, Compositae, Cynara cardunculus 6' Sow 2" deep, March in gentle heat indoors, prick out into 3" pots, plant out mid-May 15"x48" or station sow 3-4 seeds in April 15"x48^ in trenches 12-18" deep). Blanch with cardboard collar and raffia in August/September leaving 2" leaves uncovered. Harvest 4-5 weeks later. Flowerheads can also be cut and used like globe artichokes. Stake at 12". Virtually pest and disease free.
Carrot, early types, Hardy biennial t/a annual, Umbelliferae, Daucus carota 12"-15"
Amsterdam, Nantes, Nairobi, Newmarket, Rondo, Early French Frame, Lisa, Parmex
See main Carrot entry
Carrot, maincrop, Hardy biennial t/a annual, Umbelliferae, Daucus carota 12"-15"
Bangor, Berlicum, Autumn King, Vita Longa, Chantenay Redcore
See main Carrot entry
Cauliflower, autumn, Hardy biennial t/a annual, Cruciferae, Brassica oleracea botrytis 18"-24"
Dok Elgon, Canberra, Vetch Self Protecting, Flora Bianca
See main Cauliflower entry
Cauliflower, early, Hardy biennial t/a annual, Cruciferae, Brassica oleracea botrytis 18"-24"
All the Year Round, Snowball, Abuntia, Snow King, Barrier Reef, Dominant, Alpha, Predominant
See main Cauliflower entry
Cauliflower, miniature, Hardy biennial t/a annual, Cruciferae, Brassica oleracea botrytis 10-"15"
Garant, Idol, Lateman, Montano, Predominant
See main Cauliflower entry
Cauliflower, summer, Hardy biennial t/a annual, Cruciferae. Brassica oleracea botrytis 18"-24"
All the Year Round, Snowball, Abuntia, Snow King, Barrier Reef, Dominant, Alpha, Predominant
See main Cauliflower entry
Cauliflower, winter, Hardy biennial t/a annual, Cruciferae, Brassica oleracea botrytis 18"-24"
Snow's Winter White, Early March, English Winter, Walcheren Winter, Snowball, Late Enterprise, Thanet
See main Cauliflower entry
Celeriac, Hardy biennial t/a annual, Umbelliferae, Apium graveolens rapaceum 18"x12"
Balder, Claudia, Iram, Marble Ball, Monarch, Alabaster, Globus, Snow White, Tellus
See main Celeriac entry
Celery, leaf (ParCel), Hardy biennial t/a annual, Umbelliferae, Apium graveolens 12"-18"
Amsterdam, ParCel
See main Celery leaf entry
Celery, self-blanching, Hardy biennial t/a annual, Umbelliferae, Apium graveolens dolce 12"-18"
Golden/White Plume, Celebrity, Golden Self-Blanching, Victoria, Latham Self-Blanching
See main Celery entry
Celtuce (Stem lettuce), Hardy annual, Compositae, Lactuca sativa angustana 2' See main Celtuce entry
Bulbous chervil, Umbelliferae, Chaerophyllum bulbosum 12" Sow November direct 12"x6". Harvest July (roots only: leaves are poisonous) Virtually pest and disease free. Keep weed free. Lift when leaves start to discolour. May be stored in ground. Store roots until October/November to develop the chestnut-like flavour.
Chick pea (Garbanzo, Egyptian pea), Half hardy annual, Leguminosae, Cicer arietinum 15"-18" Sow April at 70° F under glass. Plant out groups of 3 in June at 10"x20" (cloche). Harvest September. Hang whole plants to dry in warmth. Dig in plenty of manure before planting and warm soil with cloches. Mulch between rows. Remove cloches during the day only in warm weather. Water well in dry weather. Top dress fortnightly. Wear gloves when shelling peas. Dry out in trays. Virtually pest and disease free.
Chicory, non-blanching (Radicchio), red and green cutting types, HP t/a annual, Compositae, Cichorium intybus 3'-4'
Crystal Heart, Cesare, Sugarhat, Alouette, Medusa, Palla Rossa Bella/Verona
See main Chicory entry
Chicory, Sugar Loaf (Saladini Misuglio), Grumolo grown for CCA or seedling crop, HP t/a annual, Compositae, Cichorium intybus 3'-4'
Jupiter, Scarpia, Poncho, Misuglio. CCA: Trieste, Milano
Sow patches April to July for seedling crop, June onwards for CCA, Barely cover, 15"x9" (late sowing transplant under cover) CCA seedlings can be cut at 2½-3", main crop July onwards Late crops can be grown under cover, sowing July to August outdoors and transplanting in September. Virtually pest and disease free.
Chicory, Witloof (blanched), HP t/a annual, Compositae, Cichorium intybus 3'-4'
Winter Witloof, Robin (red), Apollo, Videna, Zoom F1
See main Chicory entry Dig up roots October to November when leaves are dying. Trim off roots, cut off all but ½" leaves. Store in dark in dry sand. Plant roots close but not touching in sand/soil (for support only) at 45-55° F, ½" crown showing, water, exclude light for 4 weeks, harvest chicons, discard roots. Virtually pest and disease free.
Chinese Spinach (Vegetable Amaranth), Hardy annual, Amaranthaceae, Amaranthus tricolor aka Amaranthus gangeticus 3-6', 2-3' Sow end May ¼" deep, transplant 12"x12". Pick young leaves as required Often grown as an ornamental, most showy in full sun. Grown for its edible leaves, which are used like spinach. Likes a sunny position on a rich soil but seems happy in most places, but dies off if subjected to frost. Keep well watered in dry weather if possible and hoe to control weeds.
Chop Suey greens (Shungiku), Hardy annual, Compositae, Chrysanthemum coronarium, C. carnatum 6"
Maiko
Sow March and every 3 weeks until September. September under cover, ¼" deep, in 12" rows, do not thin, best crops in spring and autumn. Harvest April to November when 2-5" tall (6 weeks) Tolerates light shade. Ideal catch crop. Likes fertile, moist soil. Provide some shade in summer to prevent bolting. Pick off flower buds. Plants will resprout if chopped off at ground level. Virtually pest and disease free. Does not store well.
Choy Sum (Flowering Pak Choi & Rape), Cruciferae, Brassica rapa purpurea, B.r. oleifera 12"-18", 12"-18"
Purple flowered Pak choi, Bouquet hybrid flowering rape
See main Chinese cabbage entry
Collards (Flowering or Scotch Kale), HP, Cruciferae, Brassica oleracea var. acephala 18"-24", 18" Sow June to August ½" deep. Transplant 6-24"x36". Cut whole young plants or pick young leaves Work soil into a good tilth before planting and apply manure or compost. Requires full sun and ample moisture. Keep weed free. Stake if necessary.
Corn: Popcorn, Half hardy annual, Gramineae, Zea mays up to 8'
Peppy F1, Strawberry
Sow April in trolls at 70° or May to June in 62°F(17°C) soil (cloche), 1½" deep. Fleece to protect against birds. Plant out late May, 12"x12" . Corn should always follow beans , clover or alfalfa for preference. Harvest September (120-150 days) when becoming hard. Likes an open, fertile site sheltered from strong winds. Dig 2-3" layer of manure or compost into site in Winter. Pinch out side shoots at 6". Fill trench in July after soaking. Water when tassels appear. Fondle flowers & silks to aid pollination. Cut off black galls and burn. Peel husks off harvested cobs and leave in a dry airy place, trial popping occasionally. Should pop in a minute or two in hot oil when ready. Store kernels in airtight jars.
Corn: Sweetcorn, Half hardy annual, Gramineae, Zea mays, Z. saccharata up to 8'
Standard: Pilot, Earlibelle, Sunrise. Golden Bantam, Gill's Early Market, Golden Beauty, Seneca 60, Canada Cross. Supersweet: Candle, Sweet Nugget, Conquest, Sweet 77
See main Corn entry
Corn salad, (lamb's lettuce, mâche), Hardy annual, Valerianaceae, Valerianella locusta, Valeriana olitoria 6"-9"
Jade
See main Corn salad entry
Couve Tronchuda (Portuguese cabbage), Biennial t/a annual, Cruciferae, Brassica oleracea costata 6'+, 20" Sow early April in seedbed ¾" deep, transplant in June or July to 30"x24". Harvest September and October Will grow in any well-drained garden soil. The midribs of the leaves are the main harvest, though young leaves can also be used. ( "It is doubtful whether this .... is worthy of the space it occupies.")
Land cress (American cress) and Australian cress, Hardy biennial, Cruciferae, Barbarea praecox or B. verna and Lepidium var. 10"-30" See main Land cress entry
Cucumber, greenhouse (climbing), Half hardy annual, Cucurbitaceae, Cucumis sativus 3'6", 6'6"
Sporu, Telegraph
Sow chitted seeds in late February at 68° F (20°C) ½" deep on edge, plant 2/growbag in late May Provide climbing support. Can also be planted in frame, provide trellis. Harvest June to September (55-90 days) When dark green and firm Most useful in winter and early spring, goes to seed quickly at other times. Grows well in light shade, particularly summer crops. Likes a moist soil containing plenty of organic matter. Cloche at the onset of hard weather. Australian cress is virtually pest and disease free.
Cucumber, outdoor , Half hardy annual, Cucurbitaceae, Cucumis sativus 3'6", 6'6"
Burpee Hybrid, Kyoto, Burpless Tasty Green, Tokyo Slicer, Yamato, Chinese Long Green, Crystal Apple, Petite Pepina, Japanese Climbing
See main Cucumber entry
Dandelion, Perennial, Compositae, Taraxacum officinale 4"x9"
Améliore Géant
See main Dandelion entry
Endive, curled (frisée), Half hardy annual, Compositae, Cichorium endivia 14"-18"
Green Curled, Moss Curled, Ione, Pancaliere, President, Ruffec, Wallonne
See main Endive entry
Endive, broad leaf (Batavian/ escarole), Half hardy annual, Compositae, Cichorium endivia 14"-18"
Batavian Green, Winter Lettuce Leaf, Golda, Casco d'oro, Cornet de Bordeaux
See main Endive entry
Evening Primrose, Onagaceae, Oenothera biennis 2"-5" See main Evening Primrose entry
Fennel, Florence (Sweet fennel, Finocchio), Annual, Umbelliferae, Foeniculum vulgare azoricum 2'
Perfection, Sirio, Sweet Florence, [Zefa] Fino, Cantino
See main Fennel entry
Fenugreek (Methi), Annual, Leguminosae, Trigonella foenum-graecum 2'   See main Fenugreek entry
Garlic, HP, Liliaceae (Alliaceae), Allium sativum 1'-3'
Marshall's Long Keeper or greengrocer's pink or red
See main Garlic entry in vegetables section, or Garlic entry in herbs section!
Gherkin, Cucurbitaceae, Cucumis anguria Up to 7' See main Cucumber entry
Ginger (greenhouse only), , Zingiberaceae 2'
Fresh plump root from greengrocer
Plant February to early March 3" deep. Harvest early December See main Ginger entry
Gobo or (Japanese) Burdock , Hardy biennial, Compositae, Arctium lappa 3'-4' See main Gobo entry
Good King Henry (Mercury, Lincolnshire asparagus), Perennial, Chenopodiaceae, Chenopodium bonus-henricus 18"-24" See main Good King Henry entry
Gourd (not edible, but grown the same way), Half hardy annual, Cucurbitaceae, Lagenaria vulgaris, L. siceraria, Trichosanthes sp., Luffa sp. Most are tall climbers
Striped Pear, Bottle, Miniature Bottle, Bicolour, Long Green Snake, Serpent, Loofah
Sow March in greenhouse individually in 3" pots. Transplant end May five plants per hill. Harvest July onwards when very hard. Cut with several inches of stem, dry 4-6 weeks on racks. Grow in a greenhouse, training up trellis if possible. Good fertile soil, but not too rich. Too much nitrogen will encourage foliage at the expense of fruit. Gourds can be grown inside moulds to control the shape. Wipe off any moisture during drying and never wash or disinfect. Scrape off any mould with a knife.
Hops, Perennial, Urticaceae, Humulus lupulus Up to 20' See main Common Hop entry
Horseradish, HP t/a annual, Cruciferae, Cochlearia armoracia 2'-4' See main Horseradish entry
Iceplant, HHP, Aizoaceae, Mesembryanthemum crystallinum 8" See main Ice Plant entry
Jicama, , Leguminosae, Pachyrhizus tuberosus Climber Sow indoors March to April, Harvest late May to Early June. Seeds are poisonous. Grown for turnip-like roots, used as water-chestnut substitute. Preferably grown in a greenhouse, giving them plenty of sun. Remove flowers.
Kale (Borecole), Hardy biennial t/a annual, Cruciferae, Brassica oleracea acephala varsabellica 1'-3'
Pentland Brig, Frosty, Dwarf Green Curled, (For very early crops: Spurt, Fribor, Showbor)
See main Kale entry
Rape kale, Hardy biennial t/a annual, Cruciferae, Brassica napus 1'-3'
Favourite, Hungry Gap, Asparagus Kale, Ragged Jack,
See main Kale entry MUST NOT BE TRANSPLANTED.
Kohl rabi, Biennial t/a annual, Cruciferae, Brassica oleracea acephala var. gongylodeslica 12"
Summer: Green Vienna Winter: Purple Vienna, Delicacy Purple, White Vienna Baby: Logo
See main Kohl rabi entry
Komatsuna and Senposai (Mustard Spinach), , Cruciferae, Brassica rapa perviridis 12"-18"
Komatsuna, Green Boy F1, Tendergreen, Hiroshimana, Shirona, Senposai no. 2
See main Komatsuna entry
Leeks, Hardy biennial, Liliaceae, Allium porrum 15"-30", 6"-15"
Blue Green Autumn Verina/Cortina, Blue Green Winter Derrick, Musselburgh Improved, Minis: King Richard, Lavi, Lancelot
See main Leeks entry
Lentil (climbing), Annual, Leguminosae, Lens esculenta aka Lens culinaris 20"-24" Sow early Spring in sandy soil 1" deep, 8-12"x18-30". Harvest When leaves turn yellow Requires a sandy, well-drained but moisture retentive soil in a sheltered warm position. Hoe regularly to control weeds. Water in dry spells. Dry whole plants.
Lettuce, iceberg and cos types, Half hardy annual, Compositae, Lactuca sativa 10"-15"
Iceberg: Saladin, Webbs Wonder, Tiger (red), Sioux (red); Cos: Valmaine Baby: Little Gem, Jewel, Bubbles, Ice cube Winter: Winter Density
See main Lettuce entry
Lettuce, cutting, Half hardy annual, Compositae, Lactuca sativa 8"-10"
[Red] Salad Bowl, [Red] Lollo, Valeria, Lumina
See main Lettuce entry
Miner's lettuce (Winter Purslane, Claytonia), Hardy annual, Portulacaceae, Montia perfoliata 8"x8" See main Miners' lettuce entry
Lettuce, winter, Half hardy annual, Compositae, Lactuca sativa 10"
Catalagna, Rouge Grenobloise, American Fordhook mustard, loose-leaf
See main Lettuce entry
Chinese Mustard, Mibuna and Mizuna (Kyona), , Cruciferae, Brassica rapa nipposinica 12"-18", 12"
Mibuna, Mizuna, Tokyo Beau F1, Tokyo Belle F1
Sow May to June (not Mibuna), late June to August, August to September under cover. 4"x4" for small plants, 8"x8" for medium plants, 12"x12" for large plants. Harvest July to August, August to January, January to May (Young: 35-60 Mature: 55-80) Fairly hardy. Prefers fertile soil, but not too fussy. Tolerates light shade. Growing under fine nets recommended in summer. Keep well watered. Protect from heavy rain/snow. Remove buds. Cut whole heads of young plants, leaves and of older plants, leave to resprout.
Chinese Mustard, White celery mustard (Pak choi, Gai Choy, Green in Snow), Annual, Cruciferae, Brassica rapa chinensis, B. juncea 10"-18", 12"
1 Amsoi;
2 Red Giant, Osaka Purple, Miike Giant; 3 Gai Choy; 4 Green in Snow
Sow direct late June to August ¾" deep. Transplant: 1 15"x15", 2 12"x12" , 3 9"x9", 4 8 "x8". Harvest early September to mid October (9 weeks) Use before first frost. Pak Choi is least hardy, Green in Snow very hardy. Requires a rich moist soil and will grow in partial shade. Thinnings of 3" and over may be eaten. If leaves chopped off at ground level, resprouting occurs. Can transplant under cover in Autumn, or cloche, or just leave it outdoors to grow in the cold.
Oca, , Oxalidaceae, Oxalis tuberosa 15" Plant invidial tubers in April in largish pots in heat. Plant out 20"x20" in May (cloche) or transplant to 25cm or larger pots to grow under cover. Dig tubers late in the season - they have a lemony flavour. As stems lengthen, earth up like potatoes. Virtually pest and disease free.
Okra (Bhindi, Gumbo, lady's finger), Greenhouse annual, Malvaceae, Abelmoschus esculentus 15"
Long Green
Sow February at 65-70°F in 3" peat pots, plant out mid May in greenhouse, early June outside 21"x21" (cloche), Harvest from June on indoors, September on outdoors Cover outdoor crops with polythene tunnels. Pinch out at 9-12". Soil must be well composted. Cut regularly to ensure a succession.
Everlasting onion, HP, Liliaceae (Alliaceae), Allium perutile About 1'x1' Plant individual bulblets March to April. Final spacing: 24"x15" A single bulb will form a clump within a year
Japanese bunching onion, HP, Liliaceae (Alliaceae), Allium fistulosum 20" Sow April to May in 15" rows, do not thin. Harvest late August on Lift and divide clumps every three years
Potato onion (Underground onion), Perennial, Liliaceae (Alliaceae), Allium cepa aggregatum 4' Plant individual bulblets February to March 1" below surface of soil, 12"x9". Harvest August to September Dry in sun before storing Mulch with well rotted manure so that roots can obtain plenty of moisture. Scrape away a little soil to reveal roots a few weeks before lifting. Bulbs left to mature will produce several offsets.
Onion, pickling, Liliaceae (Alliaceae), Allium cepa 12"-18"
Paris Silverskin, Barletta, Brunswick, North Holland, Flat Yellow Plastro, Purplette, The Queen
See main Onion entry If white onions preferred, sow 3-5cm (1½-2") deep. Don't leave in soil too long, or may resprout. If not pickled immediately, can store until required for pickling.
Onion, seed (Japanese), , Liliaceae (Alliaceae), Allium cepa 12"-30"
Imai Yellow, Senshyu Semi-Globe Yellow, Buffalo, Keepwell, Express Yellow, Kaizuka Extra Early, Yellow Globe
See main Onion entry Do not store.
Onion, seed (maincrop), , Liliaceae (Alliaceae), Allium cepa 12"-30"
Caribo, Sturon, Hygro, Rijnsburger Robusta, Mammoth Red, Southport Red, Ailsa Craig, Bedfordshire Champion, Wijbo
See main Onion entry
Onion, sets, Liliaceae (Alliaceae), Allium cepa 12"-30"
Stuttgarter Giant, Rijnsburger, Giant Fen Globe, Sturon
See main Onion entry
Onion, spring, , Liliaceae (Alliaceae), Allium cepa 12"-18"
White Lisbon, Ishikura, Evergreen Long White, Winter Hardy
See main Spring onion entry
Tree onion (Egyptian onion), Perennial, Liliaceae (Alliaceae), Allium cepa proliferum, A. cebe 3'-4' plant sets Summer or early Autumn 1" deep, 15"x9" and firm well. Top sets produce large bulbs only in 1st year. Harvest from the following summer Immune to onion fly. Produces strongly flavoured bulbs in flowerhead clusters. It is important to support young plants and remove top sets when big enough, before they grow out.
Welsh onion (Scallion, Japanese leek), HP, Liliaceae (Alliaceae), Allium fistulosum 20" See main Welsh onion entry
Orach (Red mountain spinach), Hardy annual, Chenopodiaceae, Atriplex hortensis 5' Sow March to July direct every 4 weeks 1" deep, 24"x15". Pick young leaves as required. Grown for its edible leaves which are used like spinach. Requires rich, moist soil. Pinch out flower spike to prevent bolting. Water well in dry weather. Virtually pest and disease free.
Pak choi, Half hardy biennial t/a annual, Cruciferae, Brassica rapa chinensis 3"-18"
Chingensai, Mei Qing Choi, Joi Choi F1, Tai-Sai
See main Pak choi entry
Pak choi, rosette, Hardy, Cruciferae, Brassica rapa rosularis 3"-18"
Tatsoi
See main Pak choi entry
Hamburg parsley, Hardy biennial, Umbelliferae, Petroselinum crispum tuberosum 12"-24" Sow April 1" deep, 9"x15". Slow to germinate, mark rows with radish to assist in weeding. Harvest very young leaves as required in salad, roots November on Tolerates light shade. Likes moist position. Soil preferably manured previous autumn. Mulch with straw in winter and store in the ground. Pick leaves as parsley substitute all winter. Virtually pest and disease free.
Parsnip, Hardy biennial, Umbelliferae, Pastinaca sativa 12"-15"
White Gem, Tender and True, Gladiator, Avonresister, The Student, Offenham Baby: Lancer
See main Parsnip entry
Patience dock, Perennial, Polygonaceae, Rumex patientia 5' April, ¼" deep, 4"x4", transplant to 24"x24" Likes rich moist soil in full sun, but will tolerate partial shade.
Asparagus Pea (Winged pea), Hardy annual, Leguminosae, Lotus tetragonolobus purpureus 18"x18" (bush) Sow April to May in situ/April in trays 1" deep, 12"x15" (transplant at 3"). Harvest 1-2" pods August to October Pea sticks appreciated. Up to 10 weeks harvest. Virtually pest and disease free.
Pea, autumn, Annual, Leguminosae, Pisum sativum 18"-24"
18": Kelvedon Wonder, Hurst Beagle
See main Pea entry
Carlin pea, , Leguminosae, Pisum sativum 6' 2"x48" Can't get either the seeds or any other info.
Pea, first early, Annual, Leguminosae, Pisum sativum 15"-6'
18": Kelvedon Wonder (mildew resistant), Hurst Beagle, 24": Early Onward, 30": Titania, 4': Gradus
See main Pea entry
Pea, maincrop, Annual, Leguminosae, Pisum sativum 15"-6'
2': Recette, 28": Twiggy, 3': Lord Chancellor, 5': Alderman
See main Pea entry
Pea, mange tout, Annual, Leguminosae, Pisum sativum macrocarpum 4' 6"-6'
2': Sugar Bon, 3': Oregon Sugar Pod, 5': Sugar Snap, Carrouby de Maussane
See main Pea entry
Pea, petit pois, Annual, Leguminosae, Pisum sativum 3'6"
2': Cobri, Waverex, 3': Gullivert, ?:Minnow
See main Pea entry
Pea, second early, Annual, Leguminosae, Pisum sativum 2' 6"-4'
30": Hurst Greenshaft, Onward, 4': Miracle, ?:Daybreak
See main Pea entry
Pepper, hot, Perennial t/a annual, Solanaceae, Capsicum annuum acuminatum 15"
Chilli Serrano, Long Red Cayenne, Apache F1, Hungarian Wax, Jalapeno
See main Pepper entry
Pepper, scotch bonnet (greenhouse), Perennial t/a annual, Solanaceae, Capsicum annuum acuminatum 15"
Seed dried from shop-bought peppers
See main Pepper entry
Pepper, sweet, Perennial t/a annual, Solanaceae, Capsicum annuum grossum 15"
Early Prolific, Gypsy, Queen Star, Redskin, Ace, Bell Boy (GH), Worldbeater
See main Pepper entry
Pokeweed, HP, Phytolaccaceae, Phytolacca americana 4' Sow under glass in Spring. Transplant to 30"x30" as soon as they are of a reasonable size. Harvest young shoots in Spring, leaves as required Virtually pest and disease free.
Potato, early, Half hardy annual, Solanaceae, Solanum tuberosum 15"-24"
Vanessa, White Cobbler, Concorde, Maris Bard, Epicure
See main Potatoes entry
Potato, in tubs, Half hardy annual, Solanaceae, Solanum tuberosum 15"-24"
Dunluce, Foremost
Plant chitted potatoes when sprouts 1" long. Put 4 tubers onto 4" soil & manure in barrel/bin/bag, cover with 4" soil. Firm down and water. Harvest June onwards (90-120 days) when flowers are fully open Chit as normal. Add 4" layer of soil when stems 6" high and repeat until plants 2" from top of container. Add final layer, keep well watered. Feed weekly with SM3. Start harvesting when flowers begin to fall. Keep well watered.
Potato, maincrop, Half hardy annual, Solanaceae, Solanum tuberosum 15"-24"
Desiree, King Edward, Majestic, Maris Piper, Picasso, Maris Bard, Cara
See main Potatoes entry
Potato, salad, Half hardy annual, Solanaceae, Solanum tuberosum 15"-24"
Belle de Juillet, Blue Eigenheimer, Jaune de Holland, Red Star, Pink Fir Apple
See main Potatoes entry
Sweet Potato (greenhouse), Half hardy annual, Convolvulaceae, Ipomoea batatas Vine Plant June 4-5" deep in a 10" ridge, 9"x15". Harvest Autumn (18-20 weeks) when leaves yellow, or as soon as frost threatens. Manure growing site before planting. Bury purchased tubers in moist sand until shoots form, then remove shoots and plant out. Keep well weeded. Earth up as tubers form. Lift runners to prevent new plant formation, which reduces the crop. Dry in sun, cure at 85-90° for 10-15 days. Store at about 50°, humidity 75-80%. Do not handle or move until time to use.
Purslane, Summer (Pigweed, Little Hogweed), , Portulacaceae, Portulaca oleracea 15"
Green (hardier), Yellow (v. succulent)
See main Summer Purslane entry
Radish, oriental (Mooli), Hardy biennial t/a annual, Cruciferae, Raphanus sativus 6"-36"
Misato Green Flesh, Minowase Summer Cross, April Cross, Mantanhung (beauty heart), China Rose
See main Radish entry Use nets to protect against flying insect pests. Will stand for several weeks without deteriorating.
Radish, podding, Hardy biennial t/a annual, Cruciferae, Raphanus sativus 3'
Munchen Bier
Sow March to August thinly ½" deep, rows 12" apart, thin to 12". Harvest pods June to November Pick green pods before seeds start to swell.
Radish, summer, Hardy biennial t/a annual, Cruciferae, Raphanus sativus 6"
Cherry Belle, Inca, Red Prince, Crystal Ball, Long White Icicle, Pink Beauty
See main Radish entry
Radish, winter, Hardy biennial t/a annual, Cruciferae, Raphanus sativus 9"
Cherokee, Black Spanish Round, Violet de Gournay, China Rose
See main Radish entry Grow following another crop or apply 1oz/sq yd FBB 1 week before sowing. Roots can grow up to 20" long! Store in dry sand. If they run to seed, pods can be used as podding radish.
Rampion, Hardy biennial t/a annual, Campanulaceae, Campanula rapunculus 3' Sow May to June shallowly, 4"x9". Harvest leaves any time, roots October onwards Often found on shady banks. Prefers light, deep soil with a high moisture content. Keep well weeded. Difficult to eradicate once established. Virtually pest and disease free. Can be stored in the ground.
Rocket (Salad rocket, Italian cress, Roka), Annual, Cruciferae, Eruca vesicaria sativa 3' See main Rocket entry in vegetables section or Salad rocket entry in herbs section!
Saladini, Oriental, , Cruciferae, Brassica spp. 6"-12" Sow February to March under cover, April to May, August to September, October to November under cover. Barely cover seed. Sow thinly, aiming for seedlings about ½" apart (CCA). or thin to 9"x9" for large plants. CCA: 3-4 weeks at 2-3", after 2 cuts, thin and cut at 6" for stirfry Mixture includes Pak choi, Chinese leaves, Chinese mustard, mibuna, mizuna and komatsuna. If growing for large plants, treat as separate entries.
Salsify (Vegetable oyster) and Scorzonera (Viper's grass), Hardy biennial and HP t/a annual, Compositae, Tragopogon porrifolius and Scorzonera hispanica 3'-4'
Salsify: Mammoth, Sandwich Island Scorzonera: Habil
See main Salsify entry
Scolymus (Spanish oyster) , , Compositae, Scolymus hispanica 3' See main Salsify entry
Seakale or scurvy grass, HP, Cruciferae, Crambe maritima 30" See main Sea kale entry
Shallot, HP t/a annual, Liliaceae (Alliaceae), Allium esculentum 12"
Sante, Topper, Pikant, Delicato, Dutch Red, Long Keeping Red, Long-Keeping Yellow, Hative de Niort
See main Shallots entry
Skirret (Crummocks), Perennial t/a annual, Umbelliferae, Sium sisarum 3'x15"
Sow end March-April and September for spring use, 9"x18". In second year, replant divided crowns 3" deep. Harvest early October onwards. Does not store well. Requires fertile well drained soil that has been manured for a previous crop. Keep well watered and feed occasionally.
French or Buckler's Sorrel, Perennial, Polygonaceae, Rumex scutata 4"-12" See main French sorrel entry
Spinach beet/Perpetual spinach, , Chenopodiaceae, Beta vulgaris 6"-12" See main Leaf beet entry
Spinach, New Zealand (Warrigal cabbage), , Aizoaceae, Tetragonia expansa aka Tetragonia tetragonioides 24"-36" See main New Zealand spinach entry
Strawberry spinach,Annual , Chenopodiaceae, Chenopodium capitatum 6"-18"
Strawberry sticks
Sow March to April in gentle warmth. Prick out into 5" pots. Plant out late May, 8" apart. Harvest leaves June to November, fruits July onwards. Pinch out growing tip to encourage branching.
Spinach, summer, , Chenopodiaceae, Spinacea oleracea 12"-15"
Monnopa (low oxalic), Jovita, Medania, Norvak, Symphony, Long standing round Baby: Teton
See main Spinach entry
Spinach, winter, , Chenopodiaceae, Spinacea oleracea 12"-15"
Sigmaleaf, Green Market, Long Standing Prickly
See main Spinach entry
Sprouting seeds, jam jar, , Leguminosae, Phaseolus angularis, Medicago sativa Adzuki Bean, Alfalfa, Triticale Wash and soak 1 cup in 4 cups tepid water overnight. Drain, rinse and put in a jam jar covered in muslin. Lay jar on side in a tray in the dark. Keep warm. Harvest by size of sprout: adzuki beans: 1", alfalfa: 1-2" (5-7 days), triticale: 2-3". Adzuki beans need a temperature of 70° F. Rinse adzuki beans 4 times a day, alfalfa twice a day, triticale 2-3 times a day. Adzuki beans take 3-4 days, alfalfa 3-6 days, triticale 2-3 days.
Sprouting seeds, tray, , Leguminosae, Trigonella foenum-graecum Fenugreek, Triticale Sprinkle on damp flannel or kitchen towel. Cover with flannel or kitchen towel, keep warm and moist. Harvest by size of sprout: fenugreek: 3", triticale: 2-3". Keep warm and moist. When sprouts are 1½" long, place tray on windowsill to green up. Fenugreek takes 4-7 days, triticale 2-3 days.
Sprouting seeds, Mung beans (Chinese bean sprouts), , Leguminosae, Phaseolus aureus   Soak overnight enough for ½" deep layer. Drain, rinse, put in well perforated plastic carton, cover with damp cloth. Harvest when sprouts are 2-3" (3-6 days). Put 2 lb weight onto 5" carton & pro rata. Keep dark (or use tin foil to exclude light) and warm. Rinse twice daily. Virtually pest and disease free.
Sprouting seeds, Mustard and cress, rape, , Cruciferae, Sinapis alba, Lepidium sativum, Brassica napus White, Tilney; Curled, Armado, Greek, Super Salad; Broad Leaved Essex Sprinkle on damp flannel or kitchen towel. Keep moist. Harvest Cress 10-14 days, mustard, rape 7-11 days. If growing mustard & cress together, sow cress 3 days before mustard. Rape is the sprout most often found sold as "mustard & cress". Sow seeds thickly and evenly & press down lightly. Cover to exclude light and keep warm. Remove cover when seedlings are 1½" high, place in light.
Sprouting seeds, outdoors, , Cruciferae, Sinapis alba, Lepidium sativum, Brassica napus, Medicago sativa Mustard, Cress, Rape, Alfalfa Broadcast in small patches or intersow March to September. Barely cover, keep moist Cress should be sown 3 days earlier than mustard or rape. Cress 10-14 days, mustard, rape 7-11 days. Four to five cuts may be made in succession in cool weather and moist soil. Rape can be left to grow 8-10" high for use as greens.
Squash, summer (Courgette, Zucchini), Half-hardy annual, Cucurbitaceae, Cucurbita pepo 18"
All Green Bush, Taxi F1 (yellow), Little Gem, Table Dainty
See main Squash entry
Squash, summer (other), Half hardy annual, Cucurbitaceae, Cucurbita pepo 18"
Zapallito de tronco, Caserta, Spaghetti, Golden crookneck, Prolific straightneck, Sweet dumpling, Custard pie
See main Squash entry
Squash, winter (Marrow), Half hardy annual, Cucurbitaceae, Cucurbita pepo ovifera 18"
Prokor, Smallpak, Ambassador F1, Early Gem F1, Long Green Trailing, Golden Delicious
See main Squash entry
Squash, winter (Pumpkin), Half hardy annual, Cucurbitaceae, Cucurbita maxima, C. pepo and C. moschata 18"
Hubbard, Banana, Butternut, Baby Blue, Buttercup, Hundredweight, Mammoth
See main Squash entry
Sunflower, Annual, Compositae, Helianthus annuus 4'-12'
Russian Giant
See main Sunflower entry
Swede (Rutabaga), Hardy biennial t/a annual, Cruciferae, Brassica rutabaga, V. napus napobrassica 12"-24"
Marian, Sutton's Western Perfection, Purple Top, Acme, Lizzy
See main Swede entry
Swiss Chard (Ruby Chard, Seakale Beet, Silver beet), Biennial t/a annual, Chenopodiaceae, Beta vulgaris var. Cicla 2'
Green: Lucullus, Fordhook Giant. Red: Ruby, Feurio (bolt-resistant)
See main Leaf beet entry
Texsel greens (Abyssinian or Ethiopian mustard or cabbage), , Cruciferae, Brassica carinata 3'-5' See main Texsel greens entry
Tomato, bush, Half hardy annual, Solanaceae, Lycopersicon lycopersicum 18"
Red Alert, Sleaford Abundance F1; Dwarf: Pixie F1, Tiny Tim; Phyra, Tumbler F1
See main Tomatoes entry
Tomato, cordon, Half hardy annual, Solanaceae, Lycopersicon lycopersicum 10'
Ailsa Craig, Shirley F1, Tigerella, Big Boy F1, [Super]Marmande, Harbinger; Cherry types: Cherry Belle F1, Sungold F1, Gardener's Delight, Supersweet 100; Britain's Breakfast
See main Tomatoes entry The following varieties are greenback resistant: Moneymaker, Shirley, Tigerella, Piranto, Ailsa Craig, Alicante.
New Zealand Tree Tomato (greenhouse only), Tender perennial, Cyphomandra betacea 20'-25'
New Zealand
Sow Spring in greenhouse in individual large pots. Harvest from third year. Pinch out growing tip at 4'. Keep frost free in winter. Prefers conditions similar to those for citrus fruit. Virtually pest and disease free.
Turnip, Half hardy biennial t/a annual, Cruciferae, Brassica rapa 12"
Summer: Jersey Navet, Snowball, Oasis (melon flavoured) Baby: Tokyo Cross Winter: Golden Ball, Manchester Market
See main Turnip entry
Water chestnut (needs heat) 3' Plant in a large tub at 4" depth early Spring in heat, then cover with 8" depth of water. Harvest Autumn. Harvest after the plant dies down in Autumn, draining the tub first.


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Article ©2004 Frann Leach. All rights reserved.

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