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Articles about Vegetable Crops for the Garden

  Advantages of Container Vegetable Gardens
  Best Vegetable Crops for Containers
  Brandywine Tomatoes - Get the Most From This Heirloom Variety
  Choosing a Site For Your Home Vegetable Garden
  Container Vegetable Gardening Tips
  Container Vegetable Gardens
  Double Your Crops
  Getting Children Interested in Growing Vegetables
  Grow Your Own Salad
  Growing Tomatoes in Pots
  Growing Vegetable Plants Becomes More Than Just A Hobby
  How to Grow a Vegetable Garden
  Indoor Container Vegetable Gardening Ideas
  Indoor Vegetable Gardening How to Tips
  Learning About Indoor Container Vegetable Gardening
  List of vegetable crops by difficulty
  Mushroom Growing in Odd Unused Spaces
  Non Hybrid Seeds For Survival Gardening
  Organic Container Gardening - Simple and Easy Ways to Grow Vegetables and Flowers in Pots
  Organic Vegetable Cultivation Table
  Over Wintering Chilli Pepper Plants
  pH preferences of food crops
  Planning your Container Crops
  Planting Tomatoes Upside Down
  Potato Container Garden Tips
  Preparing a Vegetable Garden
  Review: Food4Wealth by Jonathan White
  Vegetable Container Garden Tips
  Vegetable Crops in alphabetical order by name
  Why I Recommend Vegetable Container Gardening
  Why Vegetable Container Gardening is Getting More Popular Today Than Ever
  How to grow organic Asparagus
  How to grow organic Aubergines
  How to grow organic Beetroot
  How to grow organic Broad beans
  How to grow organic Broccoli
  How to grow organic Brussels sprouts
  How to grow organic Cabbage
  How to grow organic Calabrese
  How to grow organic Carrot
  How to grow organic Cauliflower
  How to grow organic Celeriac
  How to grow organic Celery
  How to grow organic Celtuce
  How to grow organic Chinese broccoli
  How to grow organic Chinese cabbage
  How to grow organic Chicory
  How to grow organic Corn
  How to grow organic Cucumbers and Gherkins
  How to grow organic Endive
  How to grow organic Florence fennel
  How to grow organic French beans
  How to grow organic Garlic
  How to grow organic Globe artichokes
  How to grow organic Jerusalem artichokes
  How to grow organic Kale and borecole
  How to grow organic Kohl rabi
  How to grow organic Komatsuna
  How to grow organic Land cress
  How to grow organic Leaf beet
  How to grow organic Leeks
  How to grow organic Lettuce
  How to grow organic Mizuna
  How to grow organic Mustard greens
  How to grow organic New Zealand spinach
  How to grow organic Onions
  How to grow organic Parsnips and Hamburg Parsley
  How to grow organic Peas
  How to grow organic Peppers (hot and sweet)
  How to grow organic Potatoes
  How to grow organic Radishes
  How to grow organic Rocket
  How to grow organic Runner beans
  How to grow organic Salad onions
  How to grow organic Salsify, Scorzonera and Scolymus
  How to grow organic Seakale
  How to grow organic Shallots
  How to grow organic Spinach
  How to grow organic Squash
  How to grow organic Swede
  How to grow organic Texsel greens
  How to grow organic Tomatoes
  How to grow organic Turnips




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Organic Gardening:


Mushroom Growing in Odd Unused Spaces


by

Champignons des bois (French for mushrooms of the woods)
Champignons des bois

Understanding mushrooms should be our starting point. For our purposes, mushrooms can be divided into three groups: edible, medicinal and poisonous.

Edible mushrooms come in many varieties. These have been used through the centuries as food. Edible mushrooms include oysters, button, shiitake, milky cap mushrooms, pholiota mutabilis amongst others.

Medicinal mushrooms are edible mushrooms with known medicinal qualities. They are used both as food and in the management of various health conditions. Shiitake, maitake, enoki and reishi are some of the mushrooms with medicinal value.

Poisonous mushrooms. There are many varieties of mushrooms which are poisonous. This is the reason why once you decide to grow mushrooms, be advised to acquire spawn - mushroom seed - from laboratories and other spawn suppliers who stock spawn of known varieties of edible and medicinal mushrooms. Poisonous mushrooms include amanita phalloides, boletus satanus and entoloma lividum. Never use wild mushrooms for food or as a source of seed unless you are well versed with the different varieties.

Steps of Growing Mushrooms

Mushroom growing can be looked at as a six stage process:

Composting
Organic material is composted into a substrate that is conducive to the growth of mushrooms.

Pasteurizing
Substrate is pasteurized to kill off unwanted fungi and other organisms. The resultant substrate is ready for inoculation with spawn of the selected mushroom variety.

Spawning and incubation
Spawn is introduced into the cool, pasteurized substrate and spread on the surface. The containers are placed in a dark place and covered with plastic sheeting for 3 - 4 weeks. During this time, the spawn spreads throughout the substrate to form a white, cotton-wool like mass. This is known as mycelium, a network of threadlike strands from which mushrooms will grow.

Planting
When colonization of the substrate is complete, move the containers from the incubation space to the growing area. This can be any space available which can be shielded from direct effects of rain, hail, wind or sunshine. While, mushrooms may grow wherever decomposing organic matter is found, successful growing will be achieved by ensuring that they are planted in a protected space. It is also worth noting that over 70% of the final fresh mushrooms is water. To achieve growth, mushrooms require constant watering every 2-3 hours. This is done using a normal watering can, a hand-held sprayer or a knapsack sprayer.

When watering, direct the streams of water away from the mushrooms. Aim to spray the walls, floor and the ceiling.

Pinning
3-4 weeks after planting, pinhead like protrusions will be visible on the surface of the mycelium. These are miniature mushrooms which grow into the mature mushrooms within 3-7 days.

Harvesting
Mushrooms mature in flashes. Depending on the variety grown and your preference, mushrooms are harvested as buttons or when the veils have opened. Use a clean, sharp knife to cut the grown mushrooms at the base.

Mushrooms can be grown in the odd spaces around the home. The resultant mushrooms are a rich source of protein and other nutrients.



Mwai Gichimu writes for online and print clients. He has published articles on Ezine.com, Triond.com and various client web and blog sites. He can be reached on mwaigichimu@yahoo.com or by visiting his new blog http://writeservice.blogspot.com/ Source<



Article ©2011 Mwai Gichimu. All rights reserved.

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